The Medical Clinics of North America vol:96 issue:3 pages:583-619, xi
In this article, the evidence on the clinical use of monoclonal antibodies in the treatment of immune-mediated hematologic disorders is described. Insights into pathogenic mechanisms have revealed a major role of both B and T cells. Controlled trials have shown conflicting results, necessitating further research regarding pathogenesis, mechanism of action, and resistance. Although the use of more potent and specific monoclonal antibody therapy, mainly targeting costimulation signals, may improve response rates and long-term outcome, its use should be carefully balanced against potential side effects.