Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy vol:42 issue:1 pages:170-2
We have evaluated the susceptibility of the murine gamma herpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) to a variety of antiviral agents. The acyclic nucleoside phosphonate analogs cidofovir [(S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl) cytosine], (S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)adenine (HPMPA), and adefovir [9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine] efficiently inhibited the replication of the virus in Vero cells (50% effective concentrations [EC50s], 0.008, 0.06, and 2.2 microg/ml, respectively). Acyclovir, ganciclovir, and brivudin [(E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine] had equipotent activities (EC50s, 1.5 to 8 microg/ml), whereas foscarnet and penciclovir were less effective (EC50s, 23 and > or =30 microg/ml, respectively). The novel N-7-substituted nucleoside analog S2242 [7-(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxymethyl)purine] inhibited MHV-68 replication by 50% at 0.2 microg/ml. The susceptibilities of MHV-68 and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) to cidofovir, HPMPA, adefovir, and acyclovir were found to be comparable. However, for penciclovir, ganciclovir, brivudin, and S2242, major differences in the sensitivity of MHV-68 and EBV were observed, suggesting that MHV-68 is not always an optimal surrogate for the study of antiviral strategies for EBV. When evaluated with a model for lethal MHV-68 infections in mice with severe combined immunodeficiency, cidofovir proved to be very efficient in protecting against virus-induced mortality (100% survival at 50 days postinfection), whereas acyclovir, brivudin, and adefovir had little or no effect.