Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:48 issue:25 pages:8079-8086
Two new classes of lipophilic prodrugs of the antiviral active phosphonate 9-[2-phosphonomethoxyethyl]adenine (PMEA 1) have been prepared and were studied with regard to their hydrolysis properties and biological activity. A first series of compounds was prepared on the basis of the cycloSal nucleotide approach. Because of the surprisingly low hydrolysis stability of these cycloSal-PMEA derivatives, more stable derivatives have to be developed. Instead of using salicyl alcohol, in cycloAmb-PMEA derivatives 2-aminobenzyl alcohols were attached to PMEA 1. The latter compounds showed a considerably higher stability compared to the cycloSal counterparts. Stability studies revealed that all lipophilic prodrugs delivered PMEA selectively by chemical means. All compounds proved to be noninhibiting to acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase, and some of the phosphonate diesters were found to be more active against HIV compared to the parent PMEA.