Ca2+ Induces Spontaneous Dephosphorylation of a Novel P5A-type ATPase
Sørensen, Danny Mollerup Møller, Annette B Jakobsen, Mia K Jensen, Michael K Vangheluwe, Peter Buch-Pedersen, Morten J Palmgren, Michael G # ×
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:287 issue:34 pages:28336-28348
P5 ATPases constitute the least studied group of P-type ATPases, an essential family of ion pumps in all kingdoms of life. Although P5 ATPases are present in every eukaryotic genome analyzed so far, they have remained orphan pumps, and their biochemical function is obscure. We show that a P5A ATPase from barley, HvP5A1, locates to the endoplasmic reticulum and is able to rescue knock-out mutants of P5A genes in both Arabidopsis thaliana and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. HvP5A1 spontaneously forms a phosphorylated reaction cycle intermediate at the catalytic residue Asp-488, whereas, among all plant nutrients tested, only Ca(2+) triggers dephosphorylation. Remarkably, Ca(2+)-induced dephosphorylation occurs at high apparent [Ca(2+)] (K(i) = 0.25 mm) and is independent of the phosphatase motif of the pump and the putative binding site for transported ligands located in M4. Taken together, our results rule out that Ca(2+) is a transported substrate but indicate the presence of a cytosolic low affinity Ca(2+)-binding site, which is conserved among P-type pumps and could be involved in pump regulation. Our work constitutes the first characterization of a P5 ATPase phosphoenzyme and points to Ca(2+) as a modifier of its function.