Title: Structure-activity relationships of [2',5'-bis-O-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-beta-D-ribofuranosyl]- 3'-spiro-5' '-(4' '-amino-1' ',2' '-oxathiole-2' ',2' '-dioxide)thymine derivatives as inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase dimerization
Authors: Sluis-Cremer, Nicolas ×
Hamamouch, Noureddine
San Félix, Ana
Velazquez, Sonsoles
Balzarini, Jan
Camarasa, María-José #
Issue Date: Aug-2006
Publisher: ACS Publications
Series Title: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:49 issue:16 pages:4834-4841
Abstract: The polymerase activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) is entirely dependent on the heterodimeric structure of the enzyme. Accordingly, RT dimerization represents a target for the development of a new therapeutic class of HIV inhibitors. We previously demonstrated that the N-3-ethyl derivative of 2',5'-bis-O-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-beta-D-ribofuranosyl]-3'-spiro-5' '-(4' '-amino-1' ',2' '-oxathiole-2' ',2' '-dioxide)thymine (TSAO-T) destabilizes the inter-subunit interactions of HIV-1 RT [Sluis-Cremer, N.; Dmietrinko, G. I.; Balzarini, J.; Camarasa, M.-J.; Parniak, M. A. Biochemistry 2000, 39, 1427-1433]. In the current study, we evaluated the ability of 64 TSAO-T derivatives to inhibit RT dimerization using a novel screening assay. Five derivatives were identified with improved activity compared to TSAO-T. Four of these harbored hydrophilic or aromatic substituents at the N3 position. Furthermore, a good correlation between the ability of the TSAO-T derivatives to inhibit RT dimerization and the enzyme's polymerase activity was also observed. This study provides an important framework for the rational design of more potent inhibitors of RT dimerization.
ISSN: 0022-2623
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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