Title: Feglymycin, a unique natural bacterial antibiotic peptide, inhibits HIV entry by targeting the viral envelope protein gp120
Authors: FĂ©rir, Geoffrey
Hänchen, Anne
François, Katrien O
Hoorelbeke, Bart
Huskens, Dana
Dettner, Frank
Süssmuth, Roderich D
Schols, Dominique # ×
Issue Date: Nov-2012
Publisher: Academic Press
Series Title: Virology vol:433 issue:2 pages:308-319
Abstract: Feglymycin (FGM), a natural Streptomyces-derived 13mer peptide, consistently inhibits HIV replication in the lower μM range. FGM also inhibits HIV cell-to-cell transfer between HIV-infected T cells and uninfected CD4(+) T cells and the DC-SIGN-mediated viral transfer to CD4(+) T cells. FGM potently interacts with gp120 (X4 and R5) as determined by SPR analysis and shown to act as a gp120/CD4 binding inhibitor. Alanine-scan analysis showed an important role for l-aspartic acid at position 13 for its anti-HIV activity. In vitro generated FGM-resistant HIV-1 IIIB virus (HIV-1 IIIB(FGMres)) showed two unique mutations in gp120 at positions I153L and K457I. HIV-1 IIIB(FGMres) virus was equally susceptible to other viral binding/adsorption inhibitors with the exception of dextran sulfate (9-fold resistance) and cyclotriazadisulfonamide (>15-fold), two well-described compounds that interfere with HIV entry. In conclusion, FGM is a unique prototype lead peptide with potential for further development of more potent anti-HIV derivatives.
ISSN: 0042-6822
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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