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Title: Acyclic nucleoside analogues as novel inhibitors of human mitochondrial thymidine kinase
Authors: Hernández, Ana-Isabel ×
Balzarini, Jan
Karlsson, Anna
Camarasa, María-José
Pérez-Pérez, María-Jesús #
Issue Date: Sep-2002
Series Title: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:45 issue:19 pages:4254-4263
Abstract: A series of acyclic nucleoside analogues of 5'-O-tritylthymidine have been synthesized and evaluated as potential human mitochondrial thymidine kinase (TK-2) inhibitors. In this series, the sugar moiety of the parent 5'-O-tritylthymidine has been replaced by aliphatic chains including (E)- and (Z)-butenol, butynol, or butanol. Among them the (Z)-butenyl derivative (10) showed an IC(50) against TK-2 of 1.5 microM, being 1 order of magnitude more potent than the parent 5'-O-tritylthymidine. This lead compound has been further modified by replacing the thymine base by other pyrimidine bases such as 5-iodouracil, 5-ethyluracil, 5-methylcytosine, 3-N-methylthymine, or 5,6-dihydrothymine, as well as by the purine base guanine. The trityl group has also been replaced by different aliphatic and aromatic acyl moieties including tert-butylacetyl, hexanoyl, decanoyl, and diphenylacetyl moieties. The evaluation of the compounds against TK-2 and the phylogenetically close HSV-1 TK has shown that the base moiety plays a crucial role in their interaction against these pyrimidine nucleoside kinases. Also, the presence of a lipophilic substituent, preferentially an aromatic moiety such as diphenylmethyl or triphenylmethyl, is required for efficient TK-2 inhibition. Whereas some compounds showed marked specificity for either TK-2 (i.e, the 5,6-dihydrothymine derivative, 26) or HSV-1 TK (i.e., the butynyl derivative, 11), some others, including the (Z)-and (E)-butenyl derivatives 10 and 12, showed significant inhibition against both enzymes. They also proved to be inhibitory against HSV-1 TK in intact human osteosarcoma cells that were transduced with the HSV-1 TK gene.
URI: 
ISSN: 0022-2623
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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