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Title: The use of cystometry in small rodents: a study of bladder chemosensation
Authors: Uvin, Pieter ×
Everaerts, Wouter
Pinto, Silvia
Aguiar Alpizar, Yeranddy
Boudes, Mathieu
Gevaert, Thomas
Voets, Thomas
Nilius, Bernd
Talavera PĂ©rez, Karel
De Ridder, Dirk #
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Journal of Visualized Experiments
Series Title: Journal of Visualized Experiments issue:66
Article number: 10.3791/3869
Abstract: The lower urinary tract (LUT) functions as a dynamic reservoir that is able to store urine and to efficiently expel it at a convenient time. While storing urine, however, the bladder is exposed for prolonged periods to waste products. By acting as a tight barrier, the epithelial lining of the LUT, the urothelium, avoids re-absorption of harmful substances. Moreover, noxious chemicals stimulate the bladder's nociceptive innervation and initiate voiding contractions that expel the bladder's contents. Interestingly, the bladder's sensitivity to noxious chemicals has been used successfully in clinical practice, by intravesically infusing the TRPV1 agonist capsaicin to treat neurogenic bladder overactivity(1). This underscores the advantage of viewing the bladder as a chemosensory organ and prompts for further clinical research. However, ethical issues severely limit the possibilities to perform, in human subjects, the invasive measurements that are necessary to unravel the molecular bases of LUT clinical pharmacology. A way to overcome this limitation is the use of several animal models(2). Here we describe the implementation of cystometry in mice and rats, a technique that allows measuring the intravesical pressure in conditions of controlled bladder perfusion. After laparotomy, a catheter is implanted in the bladder dome and tunneled subcutaneously to the interscapular region. Then the bladder can be filled at a controlled rate, while the urethra is left free for micturition. During the repetitive cycles of filling and voiding, intravesical pressure can be measured via the implanted catheter. As such, the pressure changes can be quantified and analyzed. Moreover, simultaneous measurement of the voided volume allows distinguishing voiding contractions from non-voiding contractions(3). Importantly, due to the differences in micturition control between rodents and humans, cystometric measurements in these animals have only limited translational value(4). Nevertheless, they are quite instrumental in the study of bladder pathophysiology and pharmacology in experimental pre-clinical settings. Recent research using this technique has revealed the key role of novel molecular players in the mechano- and chemo-sensory properties of the bladder.
URI: 
ISSN: 1940-087X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Ion Channel Research
Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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