Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy vol:39 issue:3 pages:746-9
The antiviral efficacy of acyclic nucleoside phosphonates, including 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine (PMEA) and (R)-9-(2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)-2,6-diaminopurine [(R)-PMPDAP] against feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection was determined. (R)-PMPDAP showed the highest selectivity index (> 2,000) in vitro. Treatment of experimentally FIV-infected asymptomatic cats with PMEA or (R)-PMPDAP had no effect on the CD4+/CD8+ ratio. However, mean plasma viral RNA concentrations decreased significantly in the (R)-PMPDAP-treated cats. Our data show that, in comparison to PMEA, (R)-PMPDAP is a more potent and less toxic inhibitor of FIV replication both in vitro and in vivo.