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Title: Nitroimidazoles, part 2: synthesis, antiviral and antitumor activity of new 4-nitroimidazoles
Authors: Al-Masoudi, Najim A ×
Al-Soud, Yaseen A
Kalogerakis, Aris
Pannecouque, Christophe
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: May-2006
Publisher: Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta
Series Title: Chemistry & Biodiversity vol:3 issue:5 pages:515-526
Abstract: A series of 5-alkylamino and 5-alkylsulfanyl derivatives of 1-aryl-2-alkyl-4-nitro-1H-imidazoles 12-21, 31, and 34 were synthesized by a simple method with the aim to develop novel HIV non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs). All the new compounds were tested against HIV-1 and HIV-2 in MT-4 cells. Compound 21, with an arylsulfanyl group at C(5) of the 4-nitro-1H-imidazole backbone showed an EC(50) value of 0.22 microg/ml against HIV-1 with a therapeutic index of 13. This means that compound 21 was cytotoxic to MT-4 cells at a CC(50) value of 2.57 microg/ml; also compounds 8, 22-25, 28, and 29 were cytotoxic to MT-4 cells within the 0.4-4 microg/ml concentration range. Compounds 8, and 12-21 were evaluated, as a rule, but found inactive at non-toxic concentrations against hepatitis C virus, herpes simplex type 1 and 2, cytomegalovirus (CMV), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), vaccinia virus, and vesicular stomatitis virus, and a number of other viruses. Yet, the therapeutic index of compounds 17 and 21 for CMV and VZV approached the tenfold cut-off point. Compounds 8 and 21 exhibited some cytostatic activity against leukemia and melanoma cell lines.
URI: 
ISSN: 1612-1872
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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