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Title: Ozone Based Atomic Layer Deposition of Hafnium Oxide and Impact of Nitrogen Oxide Species
Authors: Delabie, Annelies
Swerts, J.
Van Elshocht, S.
Jung, S. H.
Raisanen, P. I.
Givens, M. E.
Shero, E. J.
Peeters, Jozef
Machkaoutsan, V.
Maes, J. W. #
Issue Date: 17-Mar-2011
Publisher: Electrochemical Society
Series Title: Journal of the Electrochemical Society vol:158 pages:D259-D263
Abstract: It has recently been reported that nitrogen oxide species (e.g., N2O5, NO2, NO3, and/or N2O) can have an impact on ozone based atomic layer deposition (ALD) of metal oxides when ozone is generated by dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) in O2/N2 mixtures. In this work, we further investigate the effect of the O2/N2 ratio in the DBD for HfO2 ALD using HfCl4 as metal precursor. Using O3 in the absence of nitrogen oxides, uniform HfO2 layers are obtained between 200 and 250°C in a hot wall cross flow reactor. The self-limiting nature of the O3 and HfCl4 reaction is demonstrated at 225°C and the growth-per-cycle is 0.12 nm. At higher temperature, O3 decomposes at the HfO2 coated reactor walls, resulting in a decreasing HfO2 thickness over Si substrates in the direction of the gas flow. Using O3 in combination with nitrogen oxides by DBD in N2/O2 mixtures, we obtained uniform HfO2 layers in the 200–300°C temperature range. At 300°C, the GPC is 0.14 nm and the HfO2 films show a low impurity content. Both processes produce high quality dielectric layers in Pt gated capacitors.
ISSN: 0013-4651
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Quantum Chemistry and Physical Chemistry Section
# (joint) last author

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