Hormone and metabolic research. Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung. Hormones et métabolisme vol:19 issue:7 pages:304-8
Normal fed and 2 days fasted Warren chickens were injected intravenously with 100 micrograms of ovine growth hormone (GH) and ovine prolactin and plasma concentrations of thyroid hormones were assayed prior and up to 2 h after injection. Fasting alone decreases T3, but increases T4. An injection of GH resulted in increases of plasma T3 concentrations in two fasting experiments by 40% (after 3/4 h) and 104% (after 1 h). In normal fed animals no increase is observed in the first experiment, whereas a 35% increase occurs in the second one. An injection of 100 micrograms prolactin does not influence T3 in normal fed or fasting animals. Both GH and prolactin, however, may decrease plasma concentrations of T4. In a separate experiment 50 micrograms and 200 micrograms of GH raised the decreased T3 levels after fasting by 39% and 60% respectively 1 h after injection and by 24 and 61% respectively in normal fed chicken, whereas prolactin was ineffective in this regard. Using Hisex chickens, the influence of an injection of 100 micrograms GH on plasma concentrations of thyroid hormones could be confirmed. At the same time GH increases the liver 5'-monodeiodinase activity by 330% after 1 h and by 147% after 2 h. The peroxidase activity is not influenced in normal fed chickens, but GH decreases this activity in food deprived animals after 1 h and 2 h. It is concluded that ovine GH, but not prolactin, stimulates the peripheral conversion of T4 into T3 in both normal fed and food deprived chicken and that this effect is dose dependent.