Involuntary language switching in two bilingual patients during the Wada test and intraoperative electrocortical stimulation
Kho, Kuan Hua × Duffau, Hugues Gatignol, Peggy Leijten, Frans S S Ramsey, Nick F van Rijen, Peter C Rutten, Geert-Jan M #
Brain and Language vol:101 issue:1 pages:31-7
We present two bilingual patients without language disorders in whom involuntary language switching was induced. The first patient switched from Dutch to English during a left-sided amobarbital (Wada) test. Functional magnetic resonance imaging yielded a predominantly left-sided language distribution similar for both languages. The second patient switched from French to Chinese during intraoperative electrocortical stimulation of the left inferior frontal gyrus. We conclude that the observed language switching in both cases was not likely the result of a selective inhibition of one language, but the result of a temporary disruption of brain areas that are involved in language switching. These data complement the few lesion studies on (involuntary or unintentional) language switching, and add to the functional neuroimaging studies of switching, monitoring, and controlling the language in use.