European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:55 pages:307-314
Hexadecyloxypropyl esters of acyclic nucleoside phosphonates containing guanine (G) or hypoxanthine (Hx) and a (S)-[3-hydroxy-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl] [(S)-HPMP] or 2-(2-phosphonoethoxy)ethyl (PEE) acyclic moiety have been prepared. The activity of the prodrugs was evaluated in vitro against different virus families. Whereas ester derivatives of PEEHx and (S)-HPMPHx were antivirally inactive, monoesters of PEEG, and mono- and diesters of (S)-HPMPG showed pronounced antiviral activity against vaccinia virus and/or herpesviruses. Monoesters of (S)-HPMPG emerged as the most potent and selective derivatives against these DNA viruses. None of the compounds were inhibitory against RNA viruses and retroviruses.