Interferons as gene activators. Indications for repeated gene duplication during the evolution of a cluster of interferon-activatable genes on murine chromosome 1
Choubey, D × Snoddy, J Chaturvedi, V Toniato, E Opdenakker, Ghislain Thakur, A Samanta, H Engel, D A Lengyel, P #
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:264 issue:29 pages:17182-9
We have described earlier a gene cluster, including at least six interferon-activatable genes closely linked to the erythroid alpha spectrin locus and the serum amyloid P-component locus on murine chromosome 1. Here, we report that sequences of three genes from the cluster (the 201, 202, and 204 genes) are very similar in a segment extending from at least 550 nucleotides upstream of the 3' end of the transcription initiation region to beyond the first exon intron border (96% similarity between the 202 and 204 genes and 89% similarity between the 201 and 204 genes). This region contains the following two types of interferon-responsive enhancers: a GA box and a Friedman Stark sequence. The proteins coded for by the 202 gene (51 kDa) and the 204 gene (72 kDa) are hydrophilic. The amino acids have been conserved in the two proteins in 47% of the sequence. Each protein includes two apparently contiguous, approximately 200-amino acid long segments with much sequence similarity (27% in the 202 protein and 34% in the 204 protein). These segments are preceded in the 204 protein only by a segment including four perfect and three imperfect repeats of a 7 amino acid sequence. These and other data suggest that the evolution of the gene cluster involved the duplication of a DNA segment generating a double length transcription unit and subsequent divergence and duplication of this unit giving rise to at least two interferon-activatable genes (the 202 and 204 genes).