Journal of biotechnology vol:112 issue:3 pages:279-88
Streptomyces is an interesting host for the secretory production of recombinant proteins because of its natural ability to secrete high levels of active proteins into the culture broth and the availability of extensive fermentation knowledge. In bacterial expression systems, heterologous protein secretion has, so far, almost exclusively been investigated using signal peptides that direct the secretion to the Sec pathway. In this study, we assessed the possibility of the Streptomyces lividans twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway to secrete the human proteins tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha and interleukin (IL) 10 by fusing the coding sequences of mature hTNFalpha and hIL10 to the twin-arginine signal peptides of S. lividans xylanase C (XlnC) and Streptomyces antibioticus tyrosinase. Both proteins were secreted and this secretion was blocked in the DeltatatB and DeltatatC single mutants, indicating that the transport of hTNFalpha and hIL10 could be directed through the Tat pathway. Secretion levels of hTNFalpha and hIL10, however, were lower for Tat-dependent than for Sec-dependent transport using the Sec-dependent signal peptide of the Streptomyces venezuelae subtilisin inhibitor. Surprisingly, Sec-dependent transport was enhanced in the tatB deletion strain. This was especially interesting in the case of hIL10, where Sec-dependent transport of hIL10 was at least 15 times higher in the DeltatatB mutant than in the wild-type strain.