Title: Antiviral activity of anti-cytomegalovirus agents (HPMPC, HPMPA) assessed by a flow cytometric method and DNA hybridization technique
Authors: Snoeck, Robert ×
Schols, Dominique
Andrei, Graciela
Neyts, Johan
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: Jul-1991
Series Title: Antiviral research vol:16 issue:1 pages:1-9
Abstract: Phosphonylmethoxyalkylpurines and -pyrimidines, particularly (S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)cytosine (HPMPC) and (S)-9-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)adenine (HPMPA) and their cyclic forms (cHPMPC, cHPMPA) and the 3-deaza analogue of HPMPA (HPMPc3A) are selective and potent inhibitors of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication in vitro. Their anti-CMV activity has been monitored by flow cytometry and DNA hybridization. The anti-CMV agent ganciclovir [9-(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxymethyl)guanine (DHPG)] was included as a reference compound. From the flow cytometric assays, HPMPC and HPMPA were the most active compounds, with an EC50 (50% effective concentration) of approximately 0.6 microM. The EC50 values obtained by DNA hybridization ranged from 0.05 microM (HPMPC) to 0.74 microM (DHPG). Selectivity indexes, calculated as the ratio of the 50% inhibitory concentration (CC50) for cell growth or [methyl-3H]-thymidine incorporation to the EC50 for virus replication were highest for HPMPC and its cyclic derivative (cHPMPC). The flow cytometry and DNA hybridization assays thus confirm the results obtained by the classic plaque assay. They allow a quantitative estimation of the anti-CMV potency of the test compounds.
ISSN: 0166-3542
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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