Journal of Medical Genetics vol:41 issue:6 pages:401-406
Background: Three mutations in the DFNA5 gene have been described in three families with autosomal dominant non-syndromic hearing impairment. Although these mutations are different at the genomic DNA level, they all lead to skipping of exon 8 at the mRNA level. We hypothesise that hearing impairment associated with DFNA5 is caused by a highly unusual mechanism, in which skipping of one specific exon leads to disease that is not caused by other mutations in this gene. We hypothesise that this represents a very specific "gain of function'' mutation, with the truncated protein exerting a deleterious new function.