Different arabinosides and ribosides, viz. Ara-DDA or 9(1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl) 1,3-dideazaadenine (6), Ara-NDDP or 9(1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl) 4-nitro-1,3-dideazapurine (7), Ara-DKP or 1(1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl) diketopiperazine (8), Ribo-DDA or 9(1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl) 1,3-dideazaadenine (9) and Ribo-NDDP or 9(1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl) 4-nitro-1,3-dideazapurine (10) have been synthesized as probable antiviral agents. The arabinosides have been synthesized using the catalyst TDA-1 that causes stereospecific formation of beta-nucleosides while a one-pot synthesis procedure was adopted for the synthesis of the ribonucleosides where beta-anomers were obtained in higher yields. All the five nucleoside analogs have been screened for antiviral property against HIV-1 (IIIB), HSV-1 and 2, parainfluenza-3, reovirus-1 and many others. It was observed that arabinosides had greater inhibitory action than ribosides. The compound 7 or Ara-NDDP has shown maximum inhibition of HIV-1 replication than the rest of the molecules with an IC50 of 79.4 microg/mL.