ITEM METADATA RECORD
Title: NPI data in a Belgian sample of elderly persons with and without dementia
Authors: Squelard, Gilles ×
Missotten, Pierre
Paquay, Louis
De Lepeleire, Jan
Buntinx, Frank
Fontaine, Ovide
Adam, Stéphane
Ylieff, Michel #
Issue Date: Oct-2012
Publisher: Dove Medical Press Ltd.
Series Title: Clinical Interventions in Aging vol:7 pages:423-440
Abstract: Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

This study assesses and compares prevalence of psychological and behavioral symptoms in a Belgian sample of people with and without dementia.

METHODS:

A total of 228 persons older than 65 years with dementia and a group of 64 non-demented persons were assessed using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) in 2004.

RESULTS:

Within the group without dementia, the most frequent symptoms were depression, agitation, and irritability. Within the group with dementia, the most common symptoms were depression, irritability, apathy, and agitation. Prevalence of delusions (P < 0.05), hallucinations (P < 0.05), anxiety (P < 0.05), agitation (P < 0.05), apathy (P < 0.01), aberrant motor behavior (P < 0.01), and eating disorders (P < 0.05) were significantly higher in the group with dementia.

CONCLUSION:

Depression, elation, irritability, disinhibition, and sleeping disorders are not specific to dementia. Agitation, apathy, anxiety, and delusions are more frequent in dementia but were not specific to the dementia group because their prevalence rates were close to 10% in the group without dementia. Hallucinations, aberrant motor behavior, and eating disorders are specific to dementia. The distinction between specific and nonspecific symptoms may be useful for etiological research on biological, psychological, and environmental factors.
ISSN: 1178-1998
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Academic Center for General Practice
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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