Title: Role of the autocrine chemokines MIP-1alpha and MIP-1beta in the metastatic behavior of murine T cell lymphoma
Authors: Menten, Patricia ×
Saccani, Alessandra
Dillen, Chris
Wuyts, Anja
Struyf, Sofie
Proost, Paul
Mantovani, Alberto
Wang, Ji Ming
Van Damme, Jozef #
Issue Date: Oct-2002
Series Title: Journal of leukocyte biology vol:72 issue:4 pages:780-9
Abstract: The ESb-MP T-cell line is a highly malignant murine lymphoma, which preferentially metastasizes toward the kidney. This could be a result of the local production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and regulated on activation, normal T expressed and secreted (RANTES), which are chemotactic for ESb-MP cells. Here, we demonstrate that ESb-MP cells are already responsive to the chemotactic activity of macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha) and MIP-1beta from 1 ng/ml onward. Moreover, upon stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or virus, ESb-MP cells themselves produce significant amounts of MIP-1 ( approximately 200 ng/ml). Indeed, the major autocrine chemoattractants, isolated from ESb-MP cells, were intact MIP-1alpha and MIP-1beta. Pretreatment with LPS or addition of MIP-1 inhibited the in vitro migration of ESb-MP cells toward various chemokines. Moreover, compared with untreated lymphoma cells, LPS-treated cells produced significantly less metastasis in mice. The results represented here suggest that the role of chemokines in attracting tumor cells at secondary sites depends on a balance between autocrine-produced and tissue-derived chemokines. This delicate balance should be considered in the design of antichemokine strategies in different tumor types.
ISSN: 0741-5400
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Molecular Immunology (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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