Title: The N-7-substituted acyclic nucleoside analog 2-amino-7-[(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxy)methyl]purine is a potent and selective inhibitor of herpesvirus replication
Authors: Neyts, Johan ×
Andrei, Graciela
Snoeck, Robert
Jähne, G
Winkler, I
Helsberg, M
Balzarini, Jan
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: Dec-1994
Series Title: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy vol:38 issue:12 pages:2710-6
Abstract: 2-Amino-7-[(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxy)methyl]purine (compound S2242) represents the first antivirally active nucleoside analog with the side chain attached to the N-7 position of the purine ring. Compound S2242 strongly inhibits the in vitro replication of both herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) (50% effective concentration [EC50], 0.1 to 0.2 microgram/ml), varicella-zoster virus (EC50, 0.01 to 0.02 microgram/ml) and thymidine kinase (TK)-deficient strains of HSV (EC50, 0.4 microgram/ml) and varicella-zoster virus (EC50, 0.2 to 0.5 microgram/ml). Potent activity was also observed against murine cytomegalovirus (EC50, 1 microgram/ml), human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) (EC50, 0.04 to 0.1 microgram/ml), and human herpesvirus 6 (EC50, 0.0005 microgram/ml). Compound S2242 (i) was not cytotoxic to confluent Vero, HeLa, or human fibroblast cells at concentrations of > 100 micrograms/ml, (ii) proved somewhat more cytostatic to Vero, HEL, HeLa, and C127I cells than ganciclovir, and (iii) was markedly more cytostatic than ganciclovir to the growth of the human lymphocytic cell lines HSB-2 and CEM degrees. In contrast to ganciclovir, (i) compound S2242 proved not to be cytocidal to murine mammary carcinoma (FM3A) cells transfected with the HSV-1 or HSV-2 TK gene, (ii) exogenously added thymidine had only a limited effect on its anti-HSV-1 activity, and (iii) the compound was not phosphorylated by HSV-1-encoded TK derived from HSV-1 TK-transfected FM3A cells, indicating that the compound is not activated by a virally encoded TK. Compound S2242 inhibited (i) the expression of late HCHV antigens at an EC50 of 0.07 microgram/ml (0.6 microgram/ml for ganciclovir) and (ii) HCMV DNA synthesis at an EC50 of 0.1 microgram/ml (0.32 microgram/ml for ganciclovir), i.e., values that are close to the EC50S for inhibition of HCMV-induced cytopathogenicity. Neither ganciclovir nor S2242 had any effect on the expression of immediate-early HCMV antigens, which occurs before viral DNA synthesis. In time-of-addition experiments, S2242 behaved like ganciclovir and acyclovir; i.e., the addition of the drugs could be delayed until the onset of viral DNA synthesis.
ISSN: 0066-4804
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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