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Title: Construction and characterization of a functional chimeric murine-human antibody directed against human fibrin fragment-D dimer
Authors: Bulens, F ×
Vandamme, Anne-Mieke
Bernar, Hilde
Nelles, Lucien
Lijnen, Roger
Collen, Desire #
Issue Date: Jan-1991
Publisher: Published by Springer-Verlag on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies
Series Title: European Journal of Biochemistry vol:195 issue:1 pages:235-42
Abstract: Fibrin-directed monoclonal antibodies may be clinically useful for in vitro thrombus imaging and for the targeting of fibrinolytic agents to blood clots. One such murine monoclonal antibody, (mAb-15C5), raised against the fragment-D dimer epitope of cross-linked human fibrin, was previously characterized [Holvoet, P., Stassen, J. M., Hashimoto, Y., Spriggs, D., Devos, P. & Collen, D. (1989) Thromb. Haemostasis 61, 307-313] has recently been cloned and expressed [Vandamme, A.-M., Bulens, F., Bernar, H., Nelles, L., Lijnen, H. R. & Collen, D. (1990) Eur. J. Biochem. 192, 767-775]. In order to reduce the immunogenicity of the murine mAb-15C5 in man, we have now constructed a murine--human chimera of mAb-15C5, by substituting the cDNA sequences encoding the constant regions of the murine kappa light chain and gamma 1 heavy chain by the corresponding human genomic sequences. Both chimeric murine--human Ig chains were cloned into two separately selectable expression vectors, which were contransfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Murine--human chimeric mAb-15C5 (mAb-15C5Hu) was purified from the conditioned medium of selected cell lines by chromatography on Zn-chelating Sepharose, protein-A-Sepharose and on insolubilized antigen (fragment-D dimer), with a final yield of 29 micrograms/l and a recovery of 33%. SDS/PAGE without reduction revealed a homogeneous band with a mobility similar to that of natural mAb-15C5, whereas after reduction, both the heavy and the light chains had slightly slower mobilities than their natural counterparts. Expression in the presence of tunicamycin suggested that the differences in gamma 1-chain mobility were due to different N-glycosylation patterns. Immunoblotting of proteins from SDS gels showed immunological reactivity of recombinant mAb-15C5Hu with goat anti-(human IgG) IgG and of recombinant and natural murine mAb-15C5 with goat anti-(mouse IgG) IgG. Competitive binding revealed a comparable affinity of recombinant murine mAb-15C5, recombinant mAb-15C5Hu and natural mAb-15C5, for fragment-D dimer, indicating that recombinant mAb-15C5Hu was obtained in a functionally intact form. Thus, mAb-15C5Hu may constitute a useful alternative to mAb-15C5 for in vivo use in man.
ISSN: 0014-2956
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Clinical and Epidemiological Virology (Rega Institute)
Molecular and Vascular Biology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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