The Use of FDG-PET to Target Tumors by Radiotherapy
Lammering, Guido × De Ruysscher, Dirk van Baardwijk, Angela Baumert, Brigitta G Borger, Jacques Lutgens, Ludy van den Ende, Piet Ollers, Michel Lambin, Philippe #
Urban & Vogel
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie vol:186 issue:9 pages:471-481
Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) plays an increasingly important role in radiotherapy, beyond staging and selection of patients. Especially for non-small cell lung cancer, FDG-PET has, in the majority of the patients, led to the safe decrease of radiotherapy volumes, enabling radiation dose escalation and, experimentally, redistribution of radiation doses within the tumor. In limited-disease small cell lung cancer, the role of FDG-PET is emerging. For primary brain tumors, PET based on amino acid tracers is currently the best choice, including high-grade glioma. This is especially true for low-grade gliomas, where most data are available for the use of C-11-MET (methionine) in radiation treatment planning. For esophageal cancer, the main advantage of FOG-PET is the detection of otherwise unrecognized lymph node metastases. In Hodgkin's disease, FDG-PET is essential for involved-node irradiation and leads to decreased irradiation volumes while also decreasing geographic miss. FDG-PET's major role in the treatment of cervical cancer with radiation lies in the detection of para-aortic nodes that can be encompassed in radiation fields. Besides for staging purposes, FDG-PET is not recommended for routine radiotherapy delineation purposes. It should be emphasized that using PET is only safe when adhering to strictly standardized protocols.