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Title: Synthesis and anti-varicella-zoster virus activity of some novel bicyclic nucleoside inhibitors: effect of enhanced aqueous solubility
Authors: Brancale, A ×
Srinivasan, S
McGuigan, C
Andrei, Graciela
Snoeck, Robert
De Clercq, Erik
Balzarini, Jan #
Issue Date: Nov-2000
Series Title: Antiviral chemistry & chemotherapy vol:11 issue:6 pages:383-93
Abstract: We have recently reported the discovery of an entirely new category of potent antivaricella-zoster virus agents based on novel deoxynucleoside analogues bearing unusual fluorescent bicyclic furo base moieties. Initial studies revealed an absolute requirement of a long alkyl side-chain, with an optimal length of C8-C10, for antiviral activity. However, the impact of this requirement on the physical properties of these compounds is high: inherent lipophilicity and extremely poor aqueous solubility, which may limit the use of these nucleosides as drugs. In order to address this issue, we have now prepared a new series of analogues, bearing ether and glycol type side-chains, designed to improve the aqueous solubility of the compounds. Synthesis of target nucleosides involved Pd-catalysed coupling of terminal alkynes with 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine. The 5-alkynyl nucleosides thus obtained were then treated with copper (I) iodide to produce the desired bicyclic analogues. As anticipated, the new compounds exhibited a dramatic increase in aqueous solubility, although antiviral activity was significantly reduced. A possible correlation between antiviral activity and overall compound lipophilicity is discussed.
ISSN: 0956-3202
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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