Title: Changes in the relative contribution of each leg to the control of quiet two-legged stance following unilateral plantar-flexor muscles fatigue
Authors: Vuillerme, Nicolas ×
Boisgontier, Matthieu #
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Heidelberg
Series Title: European Journal of Applied Physiology vol:110 issue:1 pages:207-213
Abstract: We used unilateral plantar-flexor muscles fatigue to assess the capacity of the central nervous system to adapt quiet two-legged stance control to a unilateral ankle neuromuscular perturbation. Eighteen young healthy adults stood barefoot with their eyes closed and were asked to sway as little as possible. The Experimental group (n = 9) executed this postural task in two conditions, before (pre-test) and following the completion of a fatiguing exercise designed to induce a muscular fatigue in the plantar-flexor muscles of their dominant leg (post-test). For the Control group (n = 9), this fatiguing exercise was replaced with a standing rest period corresponding to the fatiguing exercise. Results of the Experimental group showed no significant difference between the weight-bearing index measured in the pre-test condition and that observed in the post-test condition. Results further revealed that unilateral plantar-flexor muscles fatigue yielded different effects on the centre of foot pressure (CoP) displacements under the non-fatigued leg and under the fatigued leg: a wider surface area of the CoP displacements was observed under the non-fatigued than under the fatigued leg, and a higher mean speed of the CoP displacements was observed under the non-fatigued leg only in the post-test relative to the pre-test condition. These findings evidenced that the contribution of each leg to the control of quiet two-legged stance is modified as a result of muscle fatigue of unilateral plantar-flexor muscles. The greater contribution of the non-fatigued leg could be viewed as a fatigue-induced adaptive change in the control of quiet two-legged stance in response to an alteration of the unilateral ankle neuromuscular function induced by unilateral plantar-flexor muscles fatigue.
ISSN: 1439-6319
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Non-KU Leuven Association publications
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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