Title: Anti-HIV-1 activity of antiviral compounds, as quantitated by a focal immunoassay in CD4+ HeLa cells and a plaque assay in MT-4 cells
Authors: Nakashima, H ×
Balzarini, Jan
Pauwels, R
Schols, Dominique
Desmyter, Jan
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: Aug-1990
Series Title: Journal of virological methods vol:29 issue:2 pages:197-208
Abstract: The inhibitory effects of a series of antiviral compounds on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) were evaluated in a plaque assay (PA) in MT-4 cells and a focal immunoassay (FIA) in CD4+ HeLa cells. Similar 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) were obtained for the sulfated polysaccharides when measured by PA or FIA: the IC50 values of dextran sulfate and pentosan polysulfate were 0.8 microgram/ml and 0.35 microgram/ml, respectively. Also, comparable IC50 values (ranging from 1.42 to 2.71 microM) were obtained for purine 2',3'-dideoxyribosides (i.e. DDA, DDI and DDG) when evaluated by PA or FIA. In contrast, the IC50 values of pyrimidine 2',3'-dideoxyribosides were invariably 4- to 10-fold lower when monitored by PA than FIA: the IC50s of AZT, D4T and DDC in the PA were 0.015, 0.094 and 0.038 microM, respectively, and in the FIA were 0.062 microM, 0.29 microM and 0.46 microM, respectively. The differential anti-HIV-1 activities found with AZT, D4T and DDC in the PA and FIA systems may at least be related in part to differences in the metabolism of the compounds (i.e. phosphorylation by thymidine kinase or 2'-deoxycytidine kinase) between MT-4 and CD4+ HeLa cells. The novel anti-HIV-1 compounds tetrahydro-imidazo[4,5,1-jk][1,4]-benzodiazepin-2(1H)-thione (TIBO) derivatives, R82150 and R82913, and the acyclouridine derivative 1-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]-6-phenylthiothymine (HEPT) were also more inhibitory to HIV-1 in the PA than FIA system. The IC50 values of R82150, R82913 and HEPT, as based on PA, were 0.005, 0.003 and 0.79 microM, respectively. Their IC50 values, as based on FIA, were 0.020 microM, 0.015 microM and 3.77 microM, respectively. The TIBO derivatives emerged as the most effective HIV-1 inhibitors of the compounds tested whether assayed by PA or FIA.
ISSN: 0166-0934
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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