A small 45 amino acid residue antifungal polypeptide was isolated from the bark of spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus L.). Though the primary structure of this so-called E. europaeus chitin-binding protein or Ee-CBP is highly similar to the hevein domain, it distinguishes itself from most previously identified hevein-type antimicrobial peptides (AMP) by the presence of two extra cysteine residues that form an extra disulfide bond. Due to these five disulfide bonds Ee-CBP is a remarkably stable protein. Agar diffusion and microtiterplate assays demonstrated that Ee-CBP is a potent antimicrobial protein. IC(50)-values as low as 1 microg/ml were observed for the fungus Botrytis cinerea. Comparative assays further demonstrated that Ee-CBP is a stronger inhibitor of fungal growth than Ac-AMP2 from Amaranthus caudatus seeds, which is considered one of the most potent antifungal hevein-type plant proteins.