The novel C-5 substituted uracil derivatives of l-ascorbic acid were synthesized by coupling of 5-iodouracil-4,5-didehydro-5,6-dideoxy-l-ascorbic acid with unsaturated stannanes under Stille reaction conditions. The new compounds were evaluated for their antitumoral and antiviral activities. Among all compounds evaluated the 5-propynyl substituted uracil derivative of l-ascorbic acid (7) exhibited the most pronounced cytostatic activities against all examined tumor cell lines (IC(50): 0.2-0.78 microM). However, this compound was also cytotoxic to human normal fibroblasts WI 38. The 5-(phenylethynyl)uracil-2,3-di-O-benzylated l-ascorbic acid derivative (4) exhibited an albeit slight (IC(50): 55-108 microM), but selective inhibitory effect toward all tumor cell lines except for cervical carcinoma (HeLa), pancreatic carcinoma (MiaPaCa-2), laryngeal carcinoma (Hep-2), and colon carcinoma (SW 620), and no cytotoxicity to normal human fibroblast (WI 38). Compound 7 showed some, not highly specific, inhibitory potential against vesicular stomatitis virus, Coxsackie B4 virus, and Sindbis viruses (EC(50): 1.6 microM).