Widely discussed in Turkey and abroad, Kurtlar Vadisi: Irak [Valley of the Wolves: Iraq] (2006) has unquestionably been one of the most controversial productions in the history of Middle Eastern cinema to date. It is part of an extremely popular Turkish action hero media franchise that includes television series and additional films, all interweaving facts and speculation. Valley of the Wolves: Iraq tells the story of Turkish secret agents battling the American military in northern Iraq. Accused of anti-Americanism, anti-Semitism and anti-Kurdish representations, it has been in the middle of political debates. This article puts that variety of reactions in a critical perspective, looking at the press and political reception in Turkey and Europe, where the film was popular among Turkish immigrants.