Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:39 issue:20 pages:4073-88
Reaction of phosphoroorganic synthons with 8-azaadenine, 8-aza-2, 6-diaminopurine, and 8-azaguanine using cesium carbonate yielded regioisomeric 8-azapurine N7-, N8-, and N9-(2-(phosphonomethoxy)alkyl) derivatives. This reaction followed by deprotection afforded isomeric 2-(phosphonomethoxy)ethyl (PME), (S)-(3-hydroxy-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl) [(S)-HPMP], (S)-(3-flouro-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl) [(S)-FPMP], (S)-(2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl) [(S)-PMP], and (R)-(2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl) [(R)-PMP] derivatives. 13C NMR spectra were used for structural assignment of the regioisomers. None of the 8-isomers exhibited any antiviral activity against herpesviruses, Moloney murine sarcoma virus (MSV), and/or HIV. 9-(S)-HPMP-8-azaadenine (23) and PME-8-azaguanine (65) were active against HSV-1, HSV-2, and CMV at 0.2-7 micrograms/mL, VZV at 0.04-0.4 microgram/mL, and MSV (at 0.3-0.6 microgram/mL). PME-8-azaguanine (65) and (R)-PMP-8-azaguanine (71a) protected MT-4 and CEM cells against HIV-1- and HIV-2-induced cytopathicity at a concentration of approximately 2 micrograms/mL.