Title: Determinants of HIV/AIDS-related information needs and media use: Beyond individual-level factors
Authors: Bekalu, Mesfin Awoke ×
Eggermont, Steven #
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: L. Erlbaum Associates
Series Title: Health communication vol:28 issue:6 pages:624-36
Abstract: Despite the centrality of information and communication in the fight against HIV/AIDS, little research has investigated the factors associated with HIV/AIDS-related information needs and media use in hard-hit Sub-Saharan Africa. This study explored individual-level and socioecological determinants among urban and rural residents in northwest Ethiopia. Urbanity versus rurality, education, direct experience with HIV/AIDS, perceived salience of HIV/AIDS-related information, and personal health concern were tested as predictors. Regression analyses showed that urbanity versus rurality and education are the major determinants of HIV/AIDS-related information needs and media use. Being urbanite and educated were associated with high concern about and information needs on HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS-related mass media use. Moreover, urbanity versus rurality and education significantly predicted preferences for specific types of HIV/AIDS-related information. While rurality and low education were associated with a preference for basic HIV transmission and prevention information, urbanity was associated with a preference for information on HIV/AIDS-related care and support. In most cases, urbanity versus rurality emerged as a substantial predictor and also significantly moderated the effects of other variables. Given the evolving nature of the pandemic and its expansion to rural areas, ruralites' low information needs and media use deserve due attention. Equally, communication interventions targeting urban contexts need to move beyond providing only the ABCs of HIV transmission and prevention and should attend to urbanites' progressive information needs, which seem to have now become more on care and support so as to live and deal with the pandemic.
ISSN: 1041-0236
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Leuven School for Mass Communication Research
Formerly "Subfaculteit Antwerpen/Taal & Communicatie - TM A"
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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