Differential proteomic analysis of the anti-proliferative effect of glucocorticoid hormones in ST1 rat glioma cells
Demasi, Marcos A. A × Montor, Wagner R Ferreira, Gabriela B Pimenta, Daniel C Labriola, Leticia Sogayar, Mari C #
Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology vol:103 issue:2 pages:137-148
Glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) exert a potent anti-proliferative activity on several cell types. The classic molecular mechanism of GCs involves modulation of the activity of the glucocorticoids receptor, a transcriptional regulator. However, the anti-proliferative effect of GCs may also involve modulation of processes such as translation, subcellular localization and post-translational modifications, which are not reflected at the mRNA level. To investigate these potential effects of GCs, we employed the proteomic approach (two-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry) and the ST1 cells, obtained from the C6 rat glioma cell line, as a model. GC treatment leads ST1 cells to a complete transformed-to-normal phenotypic reversion and loss of their tumorigenic potential. By comparing sets of 2D nuclear protein profiles of ST1 cells treated (or not) with hydrocortisone (Hy), 13 polypeptides displaying >= two-fold difference in abundance upon Hy treatment were found. Five of these polypeptides were identified by peptide mass fingerprinting, including Annexin 2 (ANX2), hnRNP A3 and Ubiquitin. Evidence obtained by Western blot analysis indicates that ANX2 is present in the nucleus and has its subcellular localization modulated by GC-treatment of ST1 cells. Our findings indicate complementary mechanisms contributing to the regulation of gene expression associated with ST1 cells' response to GCs. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.