Title: Spiro[pyrrolidine-2,2'-adamantanes]: synthesis, anti-influenza virus activity and conformational properties
Authors: Stylianakis, Ioannis ×
Kolocouris, Antonios
Kolocouris, Nicolas
Fytas, George
Foscolos, George B
Padalko, Elizaveta
Neyts, Johan
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: May-2003
Series Title: Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters vol:13 issue:10 pages:1699-703
Abstract: Synthetic spiro[pyrrolidine-2,2'-adamantanes] 2, 3, 11, 15, 12, 16, 18, 20 were evaluated in vitro and found to be active anti-influenza virus A compounds; the effect of the position of C-Me pyrrolidine ring substituent on antiviral activity was examined. Pyrrolidine 5-Me substitution appears to be optimal for H(2)N(2) strain activity. From the four different possible protonated conformers, experimental observation using NMR spectroscopy and molecular mechanics calculations demonstrated only a pair of conformers A(+)H (N-Me (ps-ax), C-Me (ps-eq)) and B(+)H ((N-Me ps-ax, C-Me ps-ax)) which can contribute to the biological activity of C-Me, N-Me protonated derivatives 15(+)H, 16(+)H and 20(+)H. The relative populations were calculated from NMR spectra. For compounds 15(+)H and 20(+)H conformer A(+)H (cis dimethyl orientation) is the major one whereas a similar population of conformers A(+)H and B(+)H (trans dimethyl orientation) was observed for compound 16(+)H. Since this new series is characterized by a lipophilic part, that is the pyrrolidine ring, in addition to adamantane, that can interact with influenza A M2 protein, an ultimate future goal would be the in vitro mapping of M2 lipophilic pocket.
ISSN: 0960-894X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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