Proceedings of the Twelfth European Workshop on Ecological Psychology
EWEP 12. Twelfth European Workshop on Ecological Psychology location:Madrid date:27 - 30 June 2012
Music can be studied in an objective way. Perceived music, however, is not reducible to its acoustic qualities, but can be considered as a collection of sound/time phenomena, which have the potential of being structured. What we hear at every moment, however, is only a small temporal window on the perceptual flux, a “now-moment” that can be extended in time. The delimitation of this extension is shaped by psychological and ecological constraints and is dependent upon mechanisms of sense-making and attentional strategies. Two mechanisms are discussed: the mechanism of event perception with events being defined as sequences of stimuli that are extended in time and that can be described in terms of their invariants, and the ecological concept of affordance. The events can be considered as the units of perception and memory. The affordances can be addressed in terms of what the sounding events afford for the consummation of behaviour. They have been defined mostly at the level of motor performance, but it is conceivable to broaden their scope and to define them also at the level of perception and simulated action.