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Title: Metabolic activation of nucleoside and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors in dendritic and Langerhans cells
Authors: Balzarini, Jan ×
Van Herrewege, Yven
Vanham, Guido #
Issue Date: Nov-2002
Publisher: Gower Academic Journals
Series Title: AIDS vol:16 issue:16 pages:2159-2163
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Langerhans cells and interstitial dendritic cells are the earliest targets for HIV infection through sexual transmission of HIV. Metabolism of nucleoside analogues markedly differs in proliferating T lymphocytes and resting monocyte/macrophages, and thus their antiviral efficacy can substantially differ between both cell types. METHODS: The metabolism of radio-labelled zidovudine (ZDV), lamivudine (3TC) and tenofovir (PMPA) to their antivirally active metabolites was studied in primary cells, representative of early in vivo targets of HIV [i.e. monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MO-DC), MO-derived Langerhans cells (MO-LC), PHA/IL-2-activated T-blast cells] as well as in a laboratory T-lymphocyte (CEM) cell line. RESULTS: Whereas lamivudine metabolism to its active triphosphate derivative (3TC-TP) did not markedly differ between T-cells and MO-derived LC and DC, zidovudine was much better converted to ZDV-TP in T-cells than in MO-LC and MO-DC. In contrast, tenofovir was markedly more abundantly converted to its antivirally active diphosphate metabolite PMPApp in MO-DC and MO-LC than zidovudine and lamivudine. CONCLUSION: Our metabolic data suggest that tenofovir may be superior to zidovudine and lamivudine for inhibition of HIV replication in dendritic/Langerhans cells, the first-line cell types targeted by a primary HIV infection.
URI: 
ISSN: 0269-9370
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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