From a methanolic extract of about 2500 salivary glands of Locusta migratoria a peptide was isolated which stimulates cAMP production in the salivary glands and salivation. Maldi-TOFMS revealed a mass of 1779 Da. The primary structure of the peptide is NH2-EVGDLFKEWLQGNMN-COOH. The peptide is named Locusta migratoria-Salivary Gland-Salivation Stimulating Peptide (Lom-SG-SASP) because of its simulating effect on salivation. Lom-SG-SASP displays no relevant sequence similarities with any other known peptide from vertebrate or invertebrate sources. The effect of synthetic Lom-SG-SASP on cAMP production in the salivary glands and on salivation is discussed.