Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:35 issue:12 pages:2191-5
Beginning with 3-cyclopenten-1-ylamine hydrochloride, the 5'-nor derivatives of carbocyclic 2'-deoxyguanosine (2), 2'-deoxyadenosine (3), and 2,6-diaminopurine 2'-deoxyribofuranoside (4) have been prepared. These compounds were evaluated for antiviral potential versus herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus, cytomegalovirus, vaccinia virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, and human immunodeficiency virus and found to lack activity. Also, compounds 2-4 were virtually nontoxic toward the host (human diploid fibroblast ESM and HEL) cells. These biological properties may be due to the inability of 2-4 to be phosphorylated to the requisite nucleotide level that is likely to be necessary for biological activity by correlation to carbocyclic 2'-deoxyguanosine (1), which possesses significant antiviral properties as a result of conversion to its 5'-triphosphate derivative.