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Title: Sugar-modified conjugated diene analogues of adenosine and uridine: synthesis, interaction with S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase, and antiviral and cytostatic effects
Authors: Wnuk, Stanislaw F ×
Ro, Bong-Oh
Valdez, Carlos A
Lewandowska, Elzbieta
Valdez, Neida X
Sacasa, Pablo R
Yin, Dan
Zhang, Jinsong
Borchardt, Ronald T
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: Jun-2002
Series Title: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:45 issue:12 pages:2651-8
Abstract: Moffatt oxidation of 2',3'-O-isopropylideneuridine (1a) and treatment of the crude 5'-aldehyde with formylmethylene-stabilized Wittig reagent gave the vinylogously extended 7'-aldehyde2a. Condensation of 2a with ethoxycarbonyl- or dibromomethylene phosphorane reagents gave the conjugated dienes 6a and 4a, respectively. Deacetonization gave diene ester 7a [5'(E),7'(E); with s-trans conformation] and dibromodiene 5a [5'(E)], respectively. Analogously, 2',3'-O-isopropylideneadenosine (1b) was Wittig-extended into the conjugated dibromodiene 5b [5'(E)] and dienoic ester 7b [5'(E),7'(E)]. Furthermore, palladium-catalyzed coupling of the vinyl 6'(E)-stannanes 14 with (E) and (Z) ethyl 3-iodoacrylate gave stereodefined access to dienoic esters 7 (E,E) and 16 (E,Z). Incubation of AdoHcy hydrolase with 100 microM of 5b resulted in partial inhibition of the enzyme without any apparent change in the enzyme's nicotinamide adenine dinucleoside (NAD(+)) content. In contrast, 7b and 16b produced time- and concentration-dependent inactivation of S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase producing significant decreases in the enzyme's NAD(+) content. However, 7b and 16b upon incubation with AdoHcy hydrolase were not metabolized suggesting that these compounds are type I mechanism-based inhibitors. No specific antiviral activity was noted for 5a,b, 7a,b, and 16a,b against any of the viruses tested; dibromodiene 5b proved cytotoxic at a concentration > or =6.7 microM and cytostatic at > or =11 microM, while dienoic esters 16a,b showed activity against both varicella-zoster virus (at 10 microM, 16a) and cytomegalovirus (at 10 microM, 16a; 18 microM, 16b).
URI: 
ISSN: 0022-2623
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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