European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:53 pages:220-228
Starting from acetylated 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (3), 14 hitherto unknown C5-substituted-(1,3-diyne)-2'-deoxyuridines (with cyclopropyl, hydroxymethyl, methylcyclopentane, p-(substituted)phenyl and disubstituted-phenyl substituents) have been synthesized via a nickel-copper catalyzed C-H activation between two terminal alkynes, in yields ranging from 19% to 67%. Their antiviral activities were measured against a large number of DNA and RNA viruses including herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2, varicella-zoster virus, human cytomegalovirus and vaccinia virus. The 5-[4-(4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)buta-1,3-diynyl]-2'-deoxyuridine (26) is the most potent inhibitor of this series against VZV with an EC(50) of ∼1 μM and a CC(50) of 55 μM. Their cytostatic activities were determined against murine leukemia cells, human T-lymphocyte cells and cervix carcinoma cells. Compounds were also evaluated on a wide panel of RNA viruses, including influenza virus A (H1N1 and H3N2) and B in MDCK cell cultures, parainfluenza-3 virus, reovirus-1, Sindbis virus and Punta Toro virus in Vero cell cultures and vesicular stomatitis, coxsackie B4 and respiratory syncytial virus in HeLa cell cultures and against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and 2 in CEM cell cultures, with no specific antiviral effect. This class of compounds could be of further interest for lead optimization as anti-infectious (i.e. herpetic) agents.