Title: Stereoselective synthesis of sugar-modified enyne analogues of adenosine and uridine. Interaction with S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase and antiviral and cytotoxic effects
Authors: Wnuk, Stanislaw F ×
Lewandowska, Elzbieta
Sacasa, Pablo R
Crain, Leigh N
Zhang, Jinsong
Borchardt, Ronald T
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: Oct-2004
Series Title: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:47 issue:21 pages:5251-7
Abstract: Sonogashira coupling of (E)-6'-iodohomovinyl nucleosides 1 with (trimethylsilyl)acetylene gave the conjugated 8'-(trimethylsilyl)enyne derivatives of the adenosine 2a and uridine 2b with expected E-stereochemistry. Desilylation of 2a,b with tetrabutylammonium fluoride followed by treatment with N-iodosuccinimide/AgNO(3) afforded 8'-iodoenynes 4a,b. Analogous coupling of (Z)-6'-iodohomovinyl nucleosides 7a,b produced (Z)-8'-(trimethylsilyl)enynes 8a,b, which were deprotected with aqueous trifluoroacetic acid to give the Z-enynes 9a,b. Stereoselective coupling of the adenosine 4'-acetylenic 11 and ethyl (Z)-3-bromoacrylate followed by deprotection gave the conjugated enyne system attached in the reverse orientation at C4' 13. Because of their diverse stereochemical attributes, deprotected enyne analogues 5a, 6a, 9a, and 13 derived from adenosine require a different vicinity for binding with S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase and/or addition of enzyme-bound water across the conjugated enyne system. Enyne 5a and 8'-iodoenyne 6a produced time-dependent and concentration-dependent inhibition of AdoHcy hydrolase (K(i), 0.55 and 118.5 microM, respectively). No reduction in NAD(+) content of the enzyme and no iodide ion released were observed upon incubation of 6a with the enzyme, while incubation of 5a produced 30% reduction in the NAD(+) content of the enzyme. No specific antiviral activity was noted for 5a,b, 6a,b, 9a,b, and 13 against any of the viruses tested; the E-iodoenynes 6a and 6b inhibited HIV-1 virus (IC(50), 1.1 and 1.8 microM; selectivity index, 7 and 3, respectively). The E-enyne 5a showed activity against cytomegalovirus at a concentration (EC(50), 30 microM) that was 3- to 10-fold lower than the cytotoxic concentration.
ISSN: 0022-2623
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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