European journal of cancer & clinical oncology vol:18 issue:1 pages:67-70
Twenty-nine evaluable patients with extensively pretreated breast cancer received PALA, a new pyrimidine antimetabolite. The drug was given by intravenous infusion over 60 min, at a daily dose of 2.5 g/m2 for 2 consecutive days. Courses were repeated at 2-week intervals and doses were escalated to toxicity. Two objective partial remissions were observed, lasting for 3 and 4.5 months respectively. Toxic effects were dose-related and consisted mainly of mucocutaneous manifestations, i.e., skin rashes, stomatitis, diarrhea, conjunctivitis and corneal ulcerations. Evidence of antitumor potential in far-advanced disease and lack of myelosuppression point to the need for additional trials of PALA in a more favorable selection of patients with breast cancer.