Phase II study of first-line chemotherapy with temozolomide in recurrent oligodendroglial tumors: the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Brain Tumor Group Study 26971
van den Bent, M J × Taphoorn, M J B Brandes, A A Menten, Johan Stupp, R Frenay, M Chinot, O Kros, J M van der Rijt, C C D Vecht, Ch J Allgeier, A Gorlia, T #
Journal of Clinical Oncology vol:21 issue:13 pages:2525-2528
PURPOSE: Oligodendroglial tumors are chemotherapy-sensitive tumors, with two thirds of patients responding to combination chemotherapy with procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV). Temozolomide (TMZ), a new alkylating and methylating agent, has demonstrated high response rates in patients with recurrent anaplastic astrocytoma. We investigated TMZ as first-line chemotherapy in recurrent oligodendroglial tumors (OD) and mixed oligoastrocytomas (OA) after surgery and radiation therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter, phase II trial, patients were treated with 200 mg/m2 of TMZ on days 1 through 5 in 28-day cycles for 12 cycles. Patients with a recurrence after prior surgery and radiotherapy, and with measurable and enhancing disease on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were eligible for this study. Patients with large lesions and mass effect or with new clinical deficits were not eligible. Pathology and the MRI scans of all responding patients were centrally reviewed. RESULTS: Thirty-eight eligible patients were included. In three patients, pathology review did not confirm the presence of an OD or OA. TMZ was generally well tolerated. The most frequent side effects were hematologic; only one patient discontinued treatment for toxicity. In 20 (52.6%) of 38 patients (95% exact confidence interval, 35.8% to 69.0%), a complete (n = 10) or partial response to TMZ was observed. The median time to progression was 10.4 months for all patients and 13.2 months for responding patients. At 12 months from the start of treatment, 40% of patients were still free from progression. CONCLUSION: TMZ provides an excellent response rate with good tolerability in chemotherapy-naive patients with recurrent OD. A randomized phase III study comparing PCV with TMZ is warranted.