Annual meeting of the Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (BAPS) & Sociedad Española de Psicologiá Experimental (SEPEX) location:Université de Liège date:10 May 2012
Collective efficacy can be defined as a group’s shared confidence that they will successfully achieve their goal. We examined which behaviors and events are perceived as sources of collective efficacy beliefs in a volleyball context. In Study 1, volleyball coaches from the highest volleyball leagues (n=33) in Belgium indicated the most important sources of collective efficacy. This list was then adapted based on literature and on feedback given by an expert focus group, resulting in a 40-item questionnaire. In Study 2, coaches and players from all levels of volleyball in Belgium (n=2,365) rated each of these sources on their predictive value for collective efficacy. The expression of efficacy by the athlete leaders on the field was rated by the coaches as most predictive for players’ positive efficacy beliefs. Therefore, in Study 3, we focused on these athlete leaders. More specifically, we explored the different leadership roles occupied by these athlete leaders, and their most important qualities. Furthermore, we examined the impact of these leaders in affecting the efficacy beliefs of their team mates. In addition, we explored the role of team identification. These findings offer a starting point for the design of a continuous measurement of collective efficacy through observation.