Published for the International Union of Biochemistry by Academic Press
Biochemistry International vol:24 issue:1 pages:117-21
A rise in extracellular D-glucose concentration increases to a greater relative extent the conversion of both D-[5-3H]glucose to 3HOH and D-[6-14C]glucose to 14CO2 in rat purified insulin-producing cells than previously observed in pancreatic islets. In the pure B-cells, the ratio between D-[6-14C]glucose oxidation and D-[5-3H]glucose utilization increases, in a sigmoidal manner, as a function of the hexose concentration. The preferential stimulation by D-glucose of mitochondrial oxidative events is proposed to represent an unusual but essential feature of the metabolic and, hence, functional response of these fuel-sensor cells.