International Symposium on Robotics pages:1106-1111
ISR edition:43 location:Taipei, Taiwan date:29-31 August 2012
This paper describes and compares three approaches for providing navigation assistance to powered wheelchair users: a Maximum Likelihood (ML) approach, a Maximum A Posteriori (MAP) approach, and a greedy Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) approach. The approaches are evaluated by controlling a wheelchair in simulation using a switch interface. The results show that for this experimental setup (1) all three approaches allow the driver to reach any of the specified goal positions with greater accuracy and faster than without assistance, (2) ML produces paths that are jagged, because its decisions are based on the latest user signals only, (3) MAP decisions are much less impulsive than ML, except at the start, (4) greedy POMDP is more cautious in taking actions prematurely because it considers the probability of all driver plans when evaluating the effect of an action.