European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990) vol:40 issue:2 pages:284-90
We evaluated the effect of different intervals and sequences of the vascular targeting agent combretastatin A-4 disodium phosphate (CA4DP) and CPT-11 administration on tumour growth delay and intratumoral uptake of CPT-11 using a syngeneic rhabdomyosarcoma tumour model. Irrespective of the administration sequence, the combination of CA4DP and CPT-11 significantly increases tumour growth delay in comparison with both drugs alone (P<0.001). Intratumoral CPT-11 concentration generally decreased (up to 5-fold) in the combination groups, while SN-38, the active metabolite of CPT-11, increased up to 9-fold. However, the increased amount of intratumoral SN-38 trapping after CA4DP injection did not correlate with the observed tumour growth delay. In conclusion, CA4DP significantly enhances the antitumour effect of CPT-11, which is not greatly influenced by the administration sequence, and which lacks a correlation with the intratumoral trapping of CPT-11 or SN-38. Mechanisms other than trapping are likely to be involved in the chemosensitising capacity of CA4DP.