Title: Olaparib Maintenance Therapy in Platinum-Sensitive Relapsed Ovarian Cancer
Authors: Ledermann, Jonathan ×
Harter, Philipp
Gourley, Charlie
Friedlander, Michael
Vergote, Ignace
Rustin, Gordon
Scott, Clare
Meier, Werner
Shapira-Frommer, Ronnie
Safra, Tamar
Matei, Daniela
Macpherson, Euan
Watkins, Claire
Carmichael, James
Matulonis, Ursula #
Issue Date: 12-Apr-2012
Series Title: New England Journal of Medicine vol:366 issue:15 pages:1382-92
Abstract: Background Olaparib (AZD2281) is an oral poly(adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase inhibitor that has shown antitumor activity in patients with high-grade serous ovarian cancer with or without BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline mutations. Methods We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study to evaluate maintenance treatment with olaparib in patients with platinum-sensitive, relapsed, high-grade serous ovarian cancer who had received two or more platinum-based regimens and had had a partial or complete response to their most recent platinum-based regimen. Patients were randomly assigned to receive olaparib, at a dose of 400 mg twice daily, or placebo. The primary end point was progression-free survival according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors guidelines. Results Of 265 patients who underwent randomization, 136 were assigned to the olaparib group and 129 to the placebo group. Progression-free survival was significantly longer with olaparib than with placebo (median, 8.4 months vs. 4.8 months from randomization on completion of chemotherapy; hazard ratio for progression or death, 0.35; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.25 to 0.49; P<0.001). Subgroup analyses of progression-free survival showed that, regardless of subgroup, patients in the olaparib group had a lower risk of progression. Adverse events more commonly reported in the olaparib group than in the placebo group (by more than 10% of patients) were nausea (68% vs. 35%), fatigue (49% vs. 38%), vomiting (32% vs. 14%), and anemia (17% vs. 5%); the majority of adverse events were grade 1 or 2. An interim analysis of overall survival (38% maturity, meaning that 38% of the patients had died) showed no significant difference between groups (hazard ratio with olaparib, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.63 to 1.39; P=0.75). Conclusions Olaparib as maintenance treatment significantly improved progression-free survival among patients with platinum-sensitive, relapsed, high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Interim analysis showed no overall survival benefit. The toxicity profile of olaparib in this population was consistent with that in previous studies. (Funded by AstraZeneca; number, NCT00753545 .).
ISSN: 0028-4793
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Gynaecological Oncology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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