International Journal of Biological Macromolecules vol:50 issue:4 pages:974-980
A series of methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-succinyl-5'-O-zidovudine conjugates (mPEG-succinyl-AZT) with different molecular weight (M(w): 750Da, 2, 5 or 10kDa) of mPEG were synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) spectroscopy, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass (MALDI TOF MS) spectrometry analysis. All conjugates showed good stability in vitro release experiments, and good anti-HIV activity and low cytotoxicity in MT-4 cells, in which, mPEG(750)-succinyl-AZT exhibited good inhibition to wild-type viruses (strains IIIB and ROD) with EC(50) values of 0.11 and 0.090μmol/L, respectively, and it showed no cytotoxicity up to 110μmol/L. Oral pharmacokinetic study in rats showed the half-life time (T(1/2)) of all conjugates are prolonged compared to free AZT. Especially, mPEG(750)-succinyl-AZT displayed a ∼2.3-fold prolonged half-life and approximately 224% increased bioavailability of AZT.