New Planning in Changing Context - In Search of an Alternative Planning Approach in Taiwan with Tainan Science Park as a Case Study (Planning in een veranderende context - Op zoek naar een alternatieve planning benadering voor Taiwan met het Tainan Wetenschapspark als case study)
New Planning in Changing Context - In Search of an Alternative Planning Approach in Taiwan with Tainan Science Park as a Case Study
Lee, Yi-Der; M9825557
Over the last few decades, many changes have occurred in Taiwans political, economic, social and environmental context. How has spatial planning reacted to these changes? How can spatial planning in Taiwan be more effective and responsive to the changing context?This thesis is about the reflections on the changes that are taking place in the context on which planning activities rest, and in the realm of planning practice and planning system overall. It involves the exploration on the nature of these changes and the impacts of these changes on planning, the reflection on the ways planning is approached, and the speculation on how spatial planning in Taiwan could be improved with reference to the context of the broader forces which drive the flow of actions. To make this grand research agenda to be operable, we chose to focus on one single case the Tainan Science Park (TSP) project in Taiwan, instead of looking into Taiwans spatial planning in general. Theoretically and empirically, this thesis analyses the policy and planning processes of the TSP project and relates them to the broader social, economic, political, and environmental context using a mixed method and sources. It explores the important who, how and why issues of the policy and planning processes of the TSP project when certain thoughts and actions came to be seen as inevitable and unquestionable. The thesis shows that the policy- and plan-making of the TSP project were done through a top-down process governed by political and technical elites at both central and local levels of the government, with many of the key decisions made before spatial planning was actually initiated. The role of spatial planning in this case was reduced to being nothing more than providing and managing space within the parameters set by major political decisions taken beforehand. The planning of the TSP project was approached with the traditional land-use planning with the emphases placed on the provision and allocation of land and facilities needed for high-tech industries and derivative activities based on the estimation of jobs to be created and future population. Based on the detailed and critical reading of the TSP project, the context in which it was situated, and the reflections on planning literature, the thesis is concluded with some crucial elements or principles upon which an alternative planning approach can be developed and applied in Taiwan.